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The importance of the ultrasound breast (breast) prevention of cancer and other diseases

Any medical examination aims the good of human patient, for the diagnosis and monitoring.
The ultrasound and mammography have always complementary role in the diagnosis and monitoring of breast cancer. The first easily find small cysts and fibroadenomas, while mammography better understanding of the calcifications, larger constructs with asteroids prosekvoles and changes in breast architecture. Breast ultrasound poses no risk whatsoever for women's health and can be done at any age. Especially in young women indicated against mammography because it does not affect the imaging ability of the increased density of the breast.

Breast cancer is now the most common cancer in women with incidents increasing rapidly every year. According to surveys, the average breast cancer age in southern Europe is 56 years.
Research conducted ultrasound breast diagnosed in 100% of cases of breast cancer in women under 40 years of age who had identified suspicious lump or changes in the area of ​​the breast. As reported by US researchers from the University of Washington, this is an economical method, much less invasive than an operation or biopsy.

Sonography is a safe diagnostic method (without any kind of radiation) can be repeated as often as needed without fear. It is painless, inexpensive, fast, with immediate results. It requires no preparation and can be easily used as a method of choice when aftopsilafisi not safe, mainly because of the size of the breasts of a coexisting fibrocystic mastopathy.

The examination is carried out by medical radiologists, experienced connoisseur of the process, thereby minimizing false positive or negative results.
The ultrasound-mammography, more specifically, is the full control of breast ultrasound plus, of course, axillary (control of this node).
In addition to routine preventive controls the ultrasound used to investigate palpable findings and for marking nodules before their surgical removal. Also ultrasound is particularly useful in investigating microcalcifications that can be revealed by mammography.

The breast ultrasound how it helps? Helps fuller assessment of breast condition. Ultrasound is an extension of the feeler from the specialist, enables the estimation of the internal morphology of breast and enables early diagnosis with high precision.

At what age is breast ultrasound? Ultrasound is particularly useful in younger women who do annual mammography, ie before the age of 40 years. In older women ultrasound complements and extends the capabilities of mammography.

Can the ultrasound to detect all possible pathologies of breast?
No, like mammography, ultrasound and thus not 100% reliable. According to the literature, at least 10% of abnormalities that may be present during the examination is not technically possible to detect. Moreover, many diseases occur anyway later.
With ultrasound, as for mammography, it can be definitively diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis can be made only by biopsy, if necessary realization.

What are the advantages of ultrasound breast compared with mammography? Not used radiation and thus it is possible to repeat the test as often as necessary, even during pregnancy. It is particularly useful before menopause. The expert examines the breast point by point. The test is easy and painless.
If necessary, it is possible to perform biopsy under ultrasound guidance with very great accuracy. It can lead to diagnosis foci not seen on mammography.

Applied after surgery, or after surgery to remove lumps or after plastic surgery, for better monitoring.

Detects 95% of non-palpable cancers
The mammographic detection of cancer is inversely proportional to the density of the breast but is greatly improved with the contribution of sonography even in compact masses.

What is the best day to have mammography or ultrasound examination?
In premenopausal women, the breast is subject to hormonal influences that determine the menstrual cycle (period). So when you come close to that period, the chest swells (swelling) and causes discomfort in women.
These days, it is best to do some imaging. In other words, mammography and other imaging tests are good to place between the 3rd and 10th day of the cycle.

Postmenopausal women do not face similar problem and can do any imaging whenever they can or ask the doctor.
For the normal annual audit, usually under the age of 35 years, only the ultrasound while at ages above 35 years can be complemented with other diagnostic methods and usually mammography. The annual radiological assessment should begin even earlier, even before the age of 25, women with family history of breast or ovarian cancer.

Over 35 years, the test of choice is the mammogram usually supplemented with ultrasound since the contribution of sonography is important to 'dense' breasts with strongly fiber-glandular elements. The combination of the two methods increases the probability for the detection of breast cancer by 17%, after a 'suspected' from damage mammography, ultrasound easily distinguish whether it is a simple cyst or a compact arrangement requiring further control. The ultrasound guided biopsy (FNA) of these lesions allows histological their investigation and of course saves lives. Even more important is the possibility of detection by ultrasound, very small, non-palpable tumors in the glandular tissue of the breast.

Source: www.iatrikostypos.com, Constantine Louvros, Radiologist, medlabnews.gr


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